Pair of dressers "The Tweedmouth Commodes"
Jacques Van Oostenryk, known as Dautriche (1725 - 1778, became Master in 1765)
Pair of dressers stamped by Dautriche, Paris circa 1770.
This pair is made with an oak and soft wood frame, the veneer is in rosewood embellished with marquetry in sycamore wood, rosewood, amaranth; boxwood and ebony thread. They are adorned with their golden and chiseled bronzes.
Two red morello cherries from Italy rest on the trays.
Dimensions: H. 90 cm (361.2 in); L.147 cm (576.8 in); D. 60 cm (235.8 in)
Stamp: J. Dautriche/JME (Jurande brand) on each chest (photo no. 1).
Brand and inscription:
No. 1 and No. 2 respectively on each dresser
A handwritten label in ink stuck on the back of the frame:
Saloon North Wall
- Sir Dudley Coutts Marjoribanks (1820 - 1894)
1st Tweedmouth Baron in London Park Lane.
- By descendants, Edward Marjoribanks collection (1849-1909)
2nd Tweedmouth Baron
- Newton Wallop (1856-1917), 6th Earl of Portsmouth and the Countess of Portsmouth, his wife.
- Sale by the Countess of Portsmouth at Christie's, London on May 18, 1922 lot 80 (photo no. 7).
- Acquired by Mrs. Vernon Sangter (1899-1986) in Liverpool, founder of the Ladbroke company (photo no. 8).
Sale at Christie's, London on June 13, 2002, lot no. 170
- Purchase by Galerie Perrin, represented in their book, pages 64-68.
- Private collection, France.
Pierre Kellberg, "le mobilier français du XVIIIe siècle" (18th Century French Furniture)
Alexandre Pradère "les ébénistes de Louis XIV à la révolution" (Louis XIV's Cabinetmakers During the Revolution)
Morgan Blaise "jacques Dautriche ébéniste sous Louis XV et
Louis XVI" (Jacques Dautriche, Cabinetmaker for Louis XIV and Louis XVI) the stamp/art object no. 360 in July 2001 (page 58,
shown in fig. 12).
These imposing dressers characterize the transition style. There are two large drawers on the front without a crosspiece and above that, three small drawers hidden under a gilded bronze border with a frieze of posts.
The tripartide facade shows a central projecting body peeking out from each side without sharp angles, ending at the rear with recessed angles.
Each dresser consists of a marquetry decor made of 5 panels framed with boxwood and ebony thread, all surrounded by rosewood.
The central panel is composed of a rich mosaic decoration sown with four leaves and star patterns in rosewood and amaranth wood on a background of green tinted sycamore.
The other panels are made up of decorative geometric cubes, the central projection ends in its lower part of a tri-lobed lamp base which is richly decorated with bronze foliage and winding acanthus leaves.
The angles and bronzes of the feet are underlined with
amaranth thread; a molded griotte red marble from Italy surmounts each dressers.
Life and Works of Jacques Dautriche:
Born circa 1725, of Dutch origin, he is mentioned around 1746 as a "journeyman carpenter". He settled on rue traversière in the Faubourg Saint Antoine.
A free worker, he worked for the merchant cabinetmaker Pierre IV Migeon (1696-1758) and then with Denis Genty. His beginnings were under the reign of King Louis XV. This fertile period inspired his taste for beautiful objects and he created, on behalf of Lalive de Jully using drawings by Louis Joseph Le Lorrain, cupboards and corners where the decor of our dressers is revealed.
Master in 1765, his workshop did not stop growing. He received many orders from the French aristocracy including a whole set of furniture (including 10 dressers) in 1777 for the home of the Count of Artois, brother of the king and future Charles X for his palace located in faubourg du temple or the Duchess of Mazarin for her mansion on quai Malaquais in Paris as well as foreign requests as evidenced by the dressers kept at Ludwigsburg Palace in Germany, acquired by Duke Karl Eugen (1744-1793).