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Muller Freres French Art Deco Table Lamp, 1920s

US$2,600

About

French Art Deco table lamp by Muller Frères, Luneville, France, circa 1925. Mottled glass shade, powders are applied between two layers, cut with the tool, that comes on its classy wrought iron base. Colors: purple, old rose and pale yellow. The top colors by Muller Frères. Measures: Height 18.1" (46cm), diameter 9" (23cm). Signed "Muller Fres Luneville" (signature from 1921) on the shade (see last photo). Delivered wired for your country usage (US, EU, Australia, etc...). Sons of an innkeeper of Kalhausen the Muller brothers, who are not yet 17 years old, fleeing the area occupied by the German since 1870 for the city of Nancy. Auguste arrives in 1893. It states to the authorities that he is a glass engraver. Henri joined Gallé at age 28, Désiré does the same at 17 years old as an enamel decorator. Henri and Désiré leave Gallé circa 1895 to create their own workshop in Luneville. Jean starts at Galle's at 24 as an engraver on crystal. In 1896, the entire Muller family (father, mother and children) live in Nancy. Camille works at Daum's, Baccarat and then finally he goes to Sèvres. Eugene, Victor and Pierre join the Galle's workshop. Towards 1904, Eugene joins Henri and Désiré at Luneville. In the workshop of the Rue Sainte-Anne, the three brothers develop their business. Other siblings join them. They buy their "whites" in the Hinzelin's glassworks (from 1895-1914). Then they engrave, carve, ... They produce vases, cups, ewers, sculptures ... The techniques used are cameo engraving in all its forms, inlaid glass, enameling, overlays, ... In 1900, Henri leases space inside the Croismare glassworks and transfers there some of the workshops of the Rue Sainte-Anne in Luneville. It was at this time that appears the signature "Muller Croismare près Nancy." The Muller brothers are artisans, not industrial. They multiply the number of superimposed layers of glass and will remain unmatched in this technique. The pieces of this time are among the best because they keep only perfect ones. They become specialists in color and associate all the techniques learnt before but improving them. In 1905, Désiré goes Val-Saint-Lambert (Belgium), leaving Henri in Croismare. Jean Auguste and Camille leave home Houdaille in Sèvres and Emile becomes assistant director of the Choisy-le-Roi glassworks. Eugene joined Désiré in Val-Saint-Lambert, where they launch the production of works of art under the direction of Leon Ledru. 411 different models will be created. In 1908, Eugene and Desire return to Luneville. With Henri they will open two new workshops and begin a semi-Industrial Production with the introduction of lines of products and manufacturing of fixtures. They receive a silver medal at the International Exhibition of Turin in 1911 and a Gold Medal at the exhibition in Lyon in 1914. The activity stops in 1914 with the beginning of the war during which Eugene was killed. In 1919 the Croismare glassworks has been partially destroyed, the production equipment is outdated. Henri and Désiré buy the majority of shares of the Hinzelin's glassworks and create "Les Grandes Verrerie et Cristalleries de Croismare". The buildings are renovated; new ovens are installed. In the same time, they create the new company "Verrerie d'Art Muller Frères" to give a name to their activity in Luneville. Pieces made in Luneville will be signed "Muller Frères Luneville". Those made in Croismare will be signed "G.V. de Croismare". In 1925, they manage 250 employees in Croismare and 100 in Luneville. The Muller brothers create, innovate and produce with genius. They follow, anticipate, generate and invent trends with talent. They create pieces of all types, all colors, all shapes and for all budgets. In 1927, the two entities are united definitively under a new name: "Grandes Verreries de Croismare et Verrerie d'Art Muller Frères Réunies SA". Its headquarters is based in Croismare to be transferred in 1931 at Luneville. The company has 350 employees in Croismare and 100 in Luneville. The Art Deco chandeliers of that time sometimes are monumental pieces. The molded-pressed glass takes the shape of plaques, frosted or polished, and worked with acid or wheel. The animal vases are among the most beautiful creations of that time. Désiré refines the intercalaire technique in 1929. He creates a new line with the ironworker Chapelle. The glass is blown into a metal frame of animal shape in an Art Deco style. These pieces are hollow and intended to be electrified. At the top of their art, the Muller brothers are hit hard by the crisis of 1929. Exports stop short. They also suffer from the Daum glassworks "La Belle Etoile" based in Croismare few years ago. In 1934, the Muller family is seized and the glassworks activity goes into another direction. Victor died in 1935, Henri in 1936. In 1936, the glassworks stops all activity.

Details

  • Creator
  • Dimensions
    Height: 18.12 in. (46 cm)Diameter: 9.06 in. (23 cm)
  • Style
    Art Deco (Of the Period)
  • Materials and Techniques
  • Place of Origin
  • Period
  • Date of Manufacture
    1920s
  • Condition
    Delivered wired for your country usage (US, EU, Australia, etc...).
  • Seller Location
    Saint-Amans-des-Cots, FR
  • Reference Number
    1stDibs: LU2312324369632

Shipping & Returns

  • Shipping
    US$110 Standard Parcel Shipping
    to United States 0, arrives in 7-9 days.
    We recommend this shipping type based on item size, type and fragility.
    Estimated Customs Duties & Taxes to the Continental US: $0.
    Ships From: Saint-Amans-des-Cots, France
  • Return Policy

    A return for this item may be initiated within 3 days of delivery.

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About the Seller
5 / 5
Located in Saint-Amans-des-Cots, France
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