Baccarat Crystal Lamp with Twisted Pattern, Midcentury, 1950s, France For Sale
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Baccarat Crystal Lamp with Twisted Pattern, Midcentury, 1950s, France

About

Baccarat crystal desk lamp France with beautiful twisted pattern. Very heavy. Weighs over 9 pounds without the shade. Elegant and modern. Measures: 15 inches to top of the crystal 7 inches diameter base 27 inches to top of lampshade History of Baccarat 1764-1816 In 1764 King Louis XV of France gave permission to found a glassworks in the town of Baccarat in the Lorraine region in eastern France to Prince Bishop Cardinal Louis-Joseph de Laval-Montmorency (1710-1802). Production consisted of window panes, mirrors and stemware until 1816 when the first crystal oven went into operation. 1817-1867 Baccarat received its first royal commission in 1823. This began a lengthy line of commissions for royalty and heads of state throughout the world. In 1855 Baccarat won its first Gold Medal at the Worlds Fair in Paris. Baccarat first began marking its work with a registered mark in 1860. The mark was a label affixed to the bottom of the work. In the period 1846-1849 Baccarat signed some of their high quality glass millefiori paperweights with the letter-B and the year date in a composite cane. A special paperweight dated 1853 was found under the cornerstone of a bomb damaged church in Baccarat when construction recommenced after World War 2. The crystal production expanded its Scope throughout this period and Baccarat built a worldwide reputation for making quality stemware, chandeliers, barware and perfume bottles. 1867-1936 Baccarat crystal chandelier and staircase banister, Dolmabahçe Palace. The Imperial Era ended in 1867 with the defeat of Napoléon III. Influences outside France began to have a stronger influence on Baccarat's work during this era, particularly imports from Japan. The world's largest chandelier and a staircase lined with a Baccarat crystal balustrade adorn the Dolmabahçe Palace in Istanbul. Strong growth continued in Asia for Baccarat. Baccarat has become quite famous at the royal houses, the queen of Portugal for example, commissioned for her private collection decorative pieces and tableware (currently exhibited in the Ajuda National Palace). One of the strongest production areas for Baccarat was perfume bottles, and by 1907 production was over 4000 bottles per day. 1936-present Baccarat created an American subsidiary in 1948 in New York City. They started to produce pieces based on Cylon designs, as the famous Cylon Carrier, Napoleon hat piece (1958). The chairman of Baccarat from 1960-1992 was René de Chambrun, former Vichy France's Prime Minister Pierre Laval's son-in-law. A retrospective was held in 1964 at the Louvre Museum to celebrate the 200th anniversary of the crystal works. In 1993, Baccarat began making jewelry and in 1997 the company expanded into perfume.  

Details

  • Diameter
    7 in. (17.78 cm)
  • Seller Location
    New York, NY
  • Reference Number
    LU1893311565903
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About Baccarat (Maker)

One of the world’s foremost crystal manufacturers, Baccarat has long been emblematic of luxury and exquisite craftsmanship. Starting in the early 19th century, objects produced by the French company — from stemware to chandeliers to brightly colored paperweights — became a staple of noble and wealthy households across Europe and as far afield as India. Along with the purity and quality of their glass, Baccarat crystal makers can boast a remarkable fluency with a range of design styles — from cut-glass Neoclassical pieces to sinuously etched Art Nouveau designs.


     Baccarat began as a kind of industrial development project. In 1764, the Bishop of Metz and other landowners in heavily forested northeastern France persuaded Louis XV to sanction a glass works in the area — timber being a key resource required for the furnaces used in glass production. In its early years the company produced humble products such as window panes and simple drinking vessels. In 1816 a new owner began making crystal, and seven years later Louis XVIII — who had taken the throne after the defeat of Napoleon — gave Baccarat its first royal commission, for tableware. In ensuing years, an estimated one third of the company’s workforce was dedicated to commissions to the Russian imperial court alone.


     Spurred by the intense competition between global industries in the latter 19th century — fought in public view in the many world expositions of the era — Baccarat elevated its level of artistry by adopting new technologies and creating a rigorous training program. The firm broadened its stylistic range, embracing Asian influences and new engraving methods, and increasing production of its now iconic millefiori paperweights. The designer George Chevalier, who worked for Baccarat for more than five decades beginning in 1916, ushered the company into the realm of Modernist design. In recent years, Baccarat has employed such renowned contemporary designers as Philippe Starck and Marcel Wanders, ensuring that Baccarat crystal will continue to enjoy pride of place on up-to-date tables. But as you will see from the offerings on these pages, Baccarat has items to suit any taste.

About the Seller

5 / 5
Vetted
1stdibs seller since 2016
Located in New York, NY
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