This is a beautiful tea service made by John Rose (Early Coalport) in circa 1795, which was the Georgian era. The service is beautiful white with gilt decorations and it consists of a lidded teapot, two cake plates, and three trios each consisting of a saucer, a teacup and a coffee cup.
This little service would make a wonderful gift with true history and style.
Coalport was one of the leading potters in 19th and 20th century Staffordshire. They worked alongside other great potters such as Spode, Davenport and Minton, and came out with many innovative designs. When we say "Coalport" we usually think of the one Coalport factory that became famous, but in its beginning years there were two factories, one run by John Rose and the other by his brother Thomas Rose. Thomas Rose went into partnership with Robert Anstice and Robert Horton and they were located directly opposite John Rose, across the canal. The brothers' factories had much in common with each other and they shared many different shapes and patterns. Ultimately, the John Rose factory proved more profitable and John Rose bought Thomas' factory in 1814, making it the one Coalport factory that became so famous. Many of the Coalport items, of either factory, are now collectors' items.
This service consists of a teapot of one design, and the cups and saucers are of a different design; however, all items are from the same period and match each other beautifully. They are all potted lightly in the slightly grey early Coalport porcelain from the John Rose period. The decoration consists of very Georgian, 18th Century simple gilt bands, the cups and saucers with a blue and gilt design. The cups are all fluted with 24 twisted flutes; the teapot is also fluted but not twisted. The set goes together beautifully though and may always have been together.
Condition report The whole set is in very excellent condition without any damage, repairs or crazing. There is just rubbing to the gilt, as can be seen in the pictures. There are some glazing imperfections and blue smudges under the glaze - this is a very early English porcelain item and therefore imperfectly made.
The items are unmarked, as is usual for the period.
Antique British porcelain is never perfect. Kilns were fired on coal in the 1800s, and this meant that china from that period can have some firing specks from flying particles. British makers were also known for their experimentation, and sometimes this resulted in technically imperfect results. Due to the shrinkage in the kiln, items can have small firing lines or develop crazing over time, which should not be seen as damage but as an imperfection of the maker's recipes, probably unknown at the time of making. Items have often been used for many years and can have normal signs of wear, and gilt can have signs of slight disintegration even if never handled. I will reflect any damage, repairs, obvious stress marks, crazing or heavy wear in the item description but some minor scratches, nicks, stains and gilt disintegration can be normal for vintage items and need to be taken into account.
There is widespread confusion on the internet about the difference between chips and nicks, or hairlines and cracks. I will reflect any damage as truthfully as I can, i.e. a nick is a tiny bit of damage smaller than 1mm and a chip is something you can easily see with the eye; a glazing line is a break in the glazing only; hairline is extremely tight and/or superficial and not picked up by the finger; and a crack is obvious both to the eye and the finger.