Jean de Gaigneron (1890-1976)
A camp with horses
Oil on cardboard
27 x 34 cm
Modern frame : 39 x 47 cm
Provenance : Estate of the Artist (not signed)
In good condition
Jean de Gaigneron, the youngest son of the second marriage of Viscount Marie Paul Philippe Maxime of Gaigneron-Morin with Agnès de Gontaut-Biron (daughter of Elie de Gontaut-Biron ) was born in Paris in 1890.
In 1908, he studied at the Académie Julian in Paris 2 . In 1910 he became a pupil of Othon Friesz .
He performs his military service from October 10, 1911 the November 8, 1913 and is released with the rank of sergeant. Recalled August 2, 1914 he will be demobilized on August 2, 1919, having been wounded twice, the second time in 1918 in Morocco.
During this Moroccan stay, he first exhibited at the Rabat fair in November 1917 ( "his portraits and his landscapes are of a pretty dough" ), then the following year at the hotel Excelsior of Casablanca.
Back in France, he participates for the first time in the Salon d'Automne in 1919 - "he brought back from Morocco expressive compositions, made in a sober way, of a beautiful outfit" notes Émile Sedeyn - and takes again the painting by receiving the advice of Jacques-Émile Blanche , developing his taste for portraiture and engaging with him a long and deep friendship: the Custodia Foundation keeps the letters written by Jacques-Émile Blanche to Jean de Gaigneron whose dates go from September 1915 in February 1942, and a picture of the portrait he made.
During the inter-war period, Jean de Gaigneron was part of Parisian intellectual society, as will be stated in his reception at the Reconciliation of Intellectual Reconciliation presided over by François-Charles d'Harcourt , a friend of Marcel Proust ( André Maurois, Guillaume Perrier and Jean-Yves Tadié, among others, evoke his fervent letter to Jean de Gaigneron about the word "cathedral" used by the artist to define ILa recherche du temps perdu ), by François Mauriac ( Portrait of François Mauriac by Jean de Gaigneron will remain in the collection of the writer until it makes the donation to the literary library Jacques-Doucet ), Paul Morand or the abbot Arthur Mugnier which, believes Ghislain de Diesbach , the best portraits is that of Jean has brushed Gaigneron 15 . In April 1919, he met Sir Harold Nicolson and his wife Vita Sackville-West, whom he introduced to Marcel Proust.
From 1928 to 1929, Jean de Gaigneron contributed to Louise Weiss's revue L'Europe nouvelle 16 in which he wrote articles on Parisian exhibitions, notably commenting on the works of Maurice de Vlaminck , Hermine David , Henri Matisse and Othon Friesz.
During the year 1930, during a stay in Italy, he resides in Florence at Violet Trefusis , near Vita Sackville-West, at the villa l'Ombrellino
In 1932, he was named Knight of the Legion of Honor.
Mobilized in 193 , he captained the 248 th Infantry Regiment and was taken prisoner at Saint-Lô ( Frontstalag 131) before being deported to Germany 19 , then released after the armistice of 1940.
He died in Paris on January 30, 1976.