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Giovanni Giordano Lanza Landscape Art - The First and Second Temple of Hera, Paestum
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Giovanni Giordano Lanza
The First and Second Temple of Hera, Paestum

Circa: 1880

About

An original signed watercolor/gouache on heavy paper by Italian artist Giovanni Giordano Lanza (1827-1890) titled "The First and Second Temple of Hera, Paestum", c. 1880. Hand signed by Lanza lower right. We recently re-framed this artwork with Greek key moulding and linen liner. Framed size: 16.5" x 31.25". Image size: 12.5" x 27.5". Some light foxing associated with age. In overall good condition. The first Temple of Hera, built around 550 BC by the Greek colonists, is the oldest surviving temple in Paestum. 18th century archaeologists named it "The Basilica" because some mistakenly believed it to be a Roman building. (The original Roman basilica was essentially a civic form of building, before the basilica plan was adopted by the Early Christians for churches.) Inscriptions and terracotta statuettes revealed that the goddess worshiped here was Hera. Later, an altar was unearthed in front of the temple, in the open-air site usual for a Greek altar. The faithful could attend rites and sacrifices without entering the cella or inner sanctuary The columns have a very strong entasis or curvature down their length, an indication of an early date of construction. Some of the capitals still retain visible traces of their original paint. The temple is wider than most Greek temples, probably because there are two doors and a row of seven columns running centrally inside the cella, an unusual feature. This may reflect a dual dedication of the temple. Having an odd number of columns, here nine, across the shorter sides also is very unusual; there are eighteen columns along the longer sides. This was possible, or necessary, because of the two doors, so that neither has a view blocked by a column. The second Temple of Hera was built around 460–450 BC, just north of the first Hera Temple. It was once mistakenly thought to be dedicated to Poseidon. The columns do not have the typical 20 flutes on each column, but have 24 flutes. The Temple of Hera II also has a wider column size and smaller intervals between columns. The temple was also used to worship Zeus and another deity, whose identity is unknown. There are visible on the east side the remains of two altars, one large and one smaller. The smaller one is a Roman addition, built when a road leading to a Roman forum was cut through the larger one. It also is possible that the temple originally was dedicated to both Hera and Poseidon; some offertory statues found around the larger altar are thought to demonstrate this identification. Giovanni Giordano Lanza (April 1827 - 1890) was an Italian painter. He was born in Naples. He completed his first studies under professor Giacinto Gigante in Naples. In 1852, his large canvas of The Interior of the church of Santa Chiara was awarded a silver medal. He was commissioned by the Bourbon Royal family to paint The interior of the Sacristy of San Martino, which was also awarded a prize. In 1860 by commission of the marchese di Sassenay and for an album of Napoleon III, he completed two watercolors depicting Una veduta della marina di Santa Lucia and An Interior of the Gerolimini . In 1862, he completed by commission by the Prince of Cassero a canvas depicting the Palazzo Reale of Caserta; in 1862 again for the Royal family, he completed a Sant' Arcangelo alla Cova; per Vittorio Emanuele, he painted la Veduta della Piazza d'Amalfi; for the Duchess of Genoa Naples of Mergellina. He also completed another canvas depicting The Surroundings of Naples (1875). Documentation of him in Naples exist as late as 1889.

Details

  • Artist
    Giovanni Giordano Lanza (1827 - 1890, Italian)
  • Creation Year
    Circa: 1880
  • Medium
  • Dimensions
    H 16.5 in. x W 31.25 in.H 41.91 cm x W 79.38 cm
  • Gallery Location
    Saint Augustine, FL
  • Reference Number
    LU12123958862
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About the Seller

5 / 5
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1stdibs seller since 2015
Typical response time: 1 hour
Located in Saint Augustine, FL
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